How To Establish Solid QA Strategies and Practices?

QA strategies
  • April 17, 2024
  • Malaika Saeed

QA is the most important department for the maintenance of your product quality and its testing. 

But have you ever thought why this department faces hustle? At the time of release this department faces a lot of overload and work burden. 

So this department needs proper working plans and practices to obtain the best results. But first you have to know what a QA department is and how important it is for an IT company. Let’s jump into it!

What is QA in IT Firms?

In IT organizations, Quality Assurance (QA) procedures and practices are used to monitor software engineering processes and ensure excellent software products. 

QA is critical for firms that often build software since it focuses on Functional Quality Assurance and Structural Quality Assurance, guaranteeing that the product meets set quality criteria. 

It is critical to maintain the quality of procedures throughout software development in order to produce stable and high-performance software products.

What are the Key Components of QA?

The key components of Quality Assurance can be classified into six classes as follows:

Pre-project Quality Components

Contract Review

Involves clarifying customer requirements, reviewing project schedules and resources, evaluating staff and customer capacities, and assessing development risks.

Development and Quality Plans

Include preparation of project and quality plans after signing a contract or committing to an internal project.

Project life cycle quality components

Project Development Plan

Covers schedules, required resources, risk evaluations, organizational issues, project methodology, and software reuse plans.

Detecting deviations from quality procedures

Identifying any deviations from established quality procedures.

Initiating improvements

Making enhancements in QA components.

Reporting Quality Issues

Informing the QA unit about quality concerns within the team or unit.

Infrastructure error preventive and improvement components

Software quality management components

Involve various activities aimed at managing software quality.

Standardization, certification, and QA assessment components

Include standardizing processes, certification requirements, and evaluating QA practices.

Organizing for QA – the human components

Involves organizing human resources for successful QA implementation.

Factors affecting QA components

  • Organizational Considerations 
  • Type of Clientele
  • Software Products
  • Organization Size 
  • Cooperation with other Organizations, etc.

Project and maintenance service considerations

Complexity, experience, software reuse, etc.

Professional staff considerations

Qualifications, team familiarity, and other relevant factors.

QA Organizational Base

Composed of organization management, software testing personnel, QA units, and professionals interested in software quality.


include developing and supporting QA components, detecting deviations, suggesting improvements, and engaging QA trustees.

Quality Management Standards

Focus on requirements and delegate implementation decisions to the organization.

Examples include SEI CMM assessment standard, ISO 9001, ISO 9000-3, IEEE 1012, and ISO/IEC 12207 standards.

These components collectively aim to challenge software errors and ensure an acceptable level of software quality by implementing systematic quality assurance measures throughout the software development life cycle.

What is the Importance of QA?

QA is one of the most important departments of the IT industry. But you must be thinking why?

Here is the answer; 

Ensures high-quality software products.

Program quality assurance guarantees that the program adheres to the defined quality standards and criteria. This produces software that is more dependable, efficient, and user-friendly.

Saves time and money.

QA ensures that developers identify problems and errors in the early stages of software development. As a result, they spend far less time and money correcting them.

Creates a Stable and Profitable Software Product.

Software architects thoroughly test each stage of the software creation procedure against industry norms.

Granular testing for various requirements such as reliability, functionality, usability, portability, and so on ensures that their product is of excellent quality.

Protect your company’s reputation.

Businesses must guarantee that their product functions as planned before releasing it to the market. Customers seeing product problems before you do will have a big influence on your brand’s image and reputation.

Ensures security and compliance.

Software quality assurance enables enterprises to guarantee that their applications are efficient, safe, and trustworthy.

Most significantly, it enables them to meet legal and industry-specific compliance standards, such as security and data privacy.

Ensures customer satisfaction.

Your software application must meet all of the requirements to please the clients. It must be performed properly. 

With software quality assurance mechanisms in place, you are able to guarantee that your solution meets your audience’s expectations.

Thus, the importance of software quality assurance cannot be underestimated. So to establish solid QA strategies and practices. But how? Let’s know!

Ways to Establish Solid QA Strategies and Practices

Developing effective QA techniques and practices necessitates a thoughtful and systematic approach. Here are some approaches to developing strong QA methods and practices:

Define QA objectives.

The first step in developing effective QA strategies and practices is to set QA objectives. The goals should be SMART (specific, measurable, feasible, pertinent, and time-bound).

Identify QA processes.

The next stage is to determine which QA processes need to be implemented. QA procedures should encompass testing, quality control, configuration management, and process improvement. Each process should have a clear description, a set of inputs and outputs, and metrics for determining its effectiveness.

Define QA metrics.

The next phase is to define the QA metrics, which will be used to assess the efficacy of the QA processes. QA metrics should include defect weight, test coverage, and the duration of the cycle. The measurements should be SMART (specific, quantifiable, relevant, and time-bound).

Implement QA processes.

The QA processes will be implemented as the following phase. The QA processes should be phased in, beginning with the most crucial processes. The execution should be done in such a way that it has little impact on the development process.

Monitor and Measure QA processes.

The next stage is to monitor and evaluate the QA procedures. Monitoring and measurement should be performed using the previously stated QA metrics. The monitoring and measurement results should be utilized to identify areas for improvement and make modifications to the QA processes. This can be achieved by the coordination of devs and QAs.

Continuously Improve QA Processes.

The final stage is to continually enhance QA processes. Improvements should be based on monitoring and measurement data and implemented in a methodical and intentional manner.

Improvements should be implemented utilizing approaches such as root cause analysis, reengineering processes, and continuous improvement methodologies.

In addition to these processes, there are several best practices that can help you develop strong QA strategies and methods. The best practices include:

Involving all Stakeholders.

QA is a cross-functional activity including all stakeholders, such as developers, testers, project managers, and business analysts.

It is critical to involve all stakeholders in the QA process so that everyone understands the QA objectives, processes, and measurements.

Defining clear roles and responsibilities

It is critical to identify clear roles and responsibilities for all stakeholders in the QA process. The duties and responsibilities should be clearly specified in the QA plan and conveyed to all stakeholders.

Providing Training and Education

It is important to train and educate all stakeholders in the QA process. Training and instruction should include QA objectives, techniques,QA tools, and technologies.

Developing a Culture of Quality

It is critical to build a quality culture within the organization. The ideals of continuous improvement, customer happiness, and defect prevention should be at the heart of every quality culture.

Regularly Reviewing and Updating The QA Strategy.

Regularly reviewing and updating QA strategies is necessary.

There must be a systematic manner to measure and update the strategy keeping the stakeholders in the loop.

It will make the strategies relevant and successful.

Wrap Up!

The QA department is the backbone of an IT company. So establishing solid strategies and practices for this is a great step towards the improved reputation of the company.

It will lead towards a smooth product release. This step can improve the quality of the product and make the user experience way better.