Exploring Different Types of Automation Framework


Before a piece of software is released to the public, it needs to be thoroughly tested. This step is crucial when it comes to development, as it ensures the final product is a qualitative one.

Since manual testing can be fairly time-consuming, automation testing services are often used to do this process automatically. Moreover, each automation process works on a specific framework to deliver results. This article will go through those frameworks so that you can understand them better.

Linear Scripting Framework

This type of framework involves linear recording and replaying of test scripts with little to no modifications. It’s a straightforward approach to automatic frameworks that have been used for a long time, as it doesn’t take long for the tool to create scripts.

The advantage of this script is that it does not require a special coding skillset, as each script is generated in order. Anyone in the testing team can use it and it is compatible with most third-party testing tools.

Data-Driven Framework

This automation testing framework allows you to segregate script data and logic by storing it in external databases (i.e., spreadsheet, CSV, and more). This framework is fairly convenient as it reduces the script numbers necessary to handle all of your test cases.

This framework type can also help you compile modified test scenarios based on the data that you have recorded. However, one drawback is that drawing data from external sources can cause issues if things are done manually. For this reason, you should use automation and performance testing services.

Modular Testing Framework

This framework divides the software that you are testing into multiple smaller modules. These can eventually be combined into a larger script, breaking down user interaction with specific segments of a code.

This framework is preferred by many due to its ease of use and hassle-free nature. For instance, if you need to make any changes to a piece of software, you don’t have to worry about the rest of the code. All that matters is the specific module that you just worked on.

Keyword-Driven Framework

With this framework type, the actions within a test script can be determined by the keywords that were assigned to it. This option brings mostly the same advantages as a data-driven framework, without requiring much coding knowledge.

This option is independent of any application, which means that you do not need to use any special automation tools and programming languages. However, you have to invest a fair amount in it. That being said, since the keyword can be used in multiple test scripts, this framework can help streamline your performance testing process.

Behavior-Driven Development (BDD) Framework

In recent times, Behavior-Driven Development (BDD) has gained prominence as a collaborative approach that focuses on communication among developers, testers, and non-technical stakeholders. This framework utilizes natural language processing to create human-readable scenarios that facilitate better understanding and collaboration. By employing tools like Cucumber or SpecFlow, BDD ensures that testing aligns closely with business objectives.

Hybrid Testing Framework

A hybrid testing framework combines elements of multiple frameworks to capitalize on their respective strengths. It offers flexibility and scalability by incorporating the best features of linear scripting, data-driven, modular, and other frameworks. This approach is advantageous when dealing with diverse testing requirements, allowing teams to tailor their approach to specific project needs. The flexibility of a hybrid framework makes it a versatile choice for comprehensive testing strategies.

Cross-Browser Testing Framework

With the ever-expanding array of web browsers, ensuring that a piece of software functions seamlessly across different platforms is paramount. The cross-browser testing framework involves testing a software application across various browsers to identify and resolve compatibility issues. Tools like Selenium Grid and BrowserStack are commonly used to streamline this process, providing a comprehensive view of how the software behaves on different browsers and devices.

Mobile Testing Framework

As the mobile landscape continues to evolve, dedicated frameworks for mobile testing have become essential. These frameworks, such as Appium and Xamarin, focus on ensuring the functionality, usability, and performance of applications on diverse mobile platforms. Mobile testing frameworks encompass both functional and non-functional testing aspects, addressing challenges unique to the mobile environment, including varied screen sizes, operating systems, and device capabilities.

Continuous Testing Framework

In the era of continuous integration and continuous delivery (CI/CD), the continuous testing framework is indispensable. This framework integrates testing seamlessly into the development pipeline, ensuring that each code change is rigorously tested before deployment. Specialized tools facilitate automated testing at every stage of the development lifecycle, contributing to faster releases, improved software quality, and a more efficient development process.

Choosing the Right Framework for Your Team

Selecting the appropriate automation testing framework requires a comprehensive understanding of your team’s resources, expertise, and project requirements. This section provides insights into the considerations that should guide your decision-making process. From evaluating the coding skills within your team to assessing the complexity of your software, these considerations will help you align your choice of framework with your specific needs.

The Bottom Line: Tailoring Automation to Your Software Testing Needs

Each framework brings its own set of advantages and considerations. This final section encapsulates the key takeaways and encourages teams to tailor their automation strategy based on their unique project requirements, team capabilities, and testing objectives. Remember, the right framework can be a game-changer, enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of your software testing initiatives.

When it comes to testing the quality of a piece of software, you have to be certain that you use the right automation framework. Each option brings its advantages and drawbacks, which may or may not affect your team. Consider your resources, along with the skill set that your team possesses before making a choice.